Monday, January 13, 2020
Although the details of routing and software are complex, the operation of the internet from the usersÃ¢â¬â¢ perspective is fairly straight forward. As an example of what happens when the Internet is used, consider that you type the URL www. helpmegetoutofthis. com into the Netscape browser. The browser contacts a DNS server to get the IP address. A DNS server would start its search for an IP address. If it finds the IP address for the site, then it returns the IP address to the browser, which then contacts the server for www.helpmegetoutofthis. com, which then transmits the web page to your computer and browser so you can view it. The user is not aware that of the operation of an infrastructure of routers and transmission lines behind this action of retrieving a web page and transmitting the data from one computer to another. The infrastructure of the internet can be seen as a massive array of data relay nodes (routers) interconnected by data transmission lines, where each node can service multiple transmission lines. In the general case where information must be sent across several nodes before being received, there will be many possible pathways over which this transmission might occur. The routers serve to find a path for the data transmission to occur. The routing of a file or data packets of a file is either be done by the technique of source routing or the technique of destination routing. In source routing, the path the data transmission will follow id specified at the source of the transmission, while destination routing is controlled by the routers along the path. In the modern internet, almost all routing is done by destination routing because of security issues associated with source routing. Thus, the routers must be programmed with protocols that allow a reasonable, perhaps optimum, path choice for each data packet. For the routers to choose an optimum path also requires that the interconnected routers communicate information concerning local transmission line metrics. Router communication is thus itself a massive information transfer process, given that there is more than 100,000 networks and millions of hosts on the Internet. When viewing the enormity of the problem, it is perhaps easier to understand why engineers have accepted a sub-optimal solution to the problem of efficiency in data transfer on the Internet. When initially confronting a problem, the practical engineering approach is to simplify the problem to the point where a working solution can be obtained and then refine that solution once the system is functional. Some of the simplifying assumptions used by engineers for the current internet data transmission system include. 1) A transmission line is never over capacity and is always available as a path choice. 2) The performance of the router and transmission line does not depend on the amount of traffic. These two assumptions do simplify the problem of path choice considerably because now all the transmission lines and nodes may be considered equal in capacity and performance completely independent of traffic. As such, it is a much simpler optimization problem consisting of finding the route with the shortest path length. To simplify the problem even further, another assumption is made: 3) Consider that an Ã¢â¬Å"Autonomous SystemÃ¢â¬ (AS), is a small internet inside the Internet. An AS is generally considered to be a sub-network of an Internet with a common administrative authority and is regulated by a specific set of administrative guidelines. It is assumed that every AS is the same and provides the same performance. The problem of Internet routing can now be broken down into the simpler problem of selecting optimum paths inside the AS and then considering the optimum paths between the AS. Since there are Ã¢â¬ËonlyÃ¢â¬â¢ around 15,000 active ASÃ¢â¬â¢s on the Internet, the overall problem is reduced to finding the best route over 15,000 AS nodes, and then the much simpler problem of finding the best route through each AS. There is an important (to this thesis) set of protocols which control the exchange of routing information between the ASÃ¢â¬â¢s. The sort of routers in an AS which communicates with the rest of the internet and other ASÃ¢â¬â¢s are called border routers. Border routers are controlled by a set of programming instructions known as Border Gateway Protocol, BGP. A more detailed discussion of computer networking principals and the Internet facts can be found in e. g. . An Introduction to Router Protocols. Routers are computers connected to multiple networks and programmed to control the data transmission between the networks. Usually, there are multiple paths that are possible for transmission of data between two points on the Internet. The routers involved in the transmission between two points can be programmed to choose the Ã¢â¬Ëbest pathÃ¢â¬â¢ based on some metric. The Ã¢â¬ËprotocolsÃ¢â¬â¢ used to determine the path for data transmission are routing algorithms. Typical metrics used by routing algorithms include path length, bandwidth, load, reliability, delay (or latency) and communication cost. Path length. Path length is a geometric measure of how long the transmission lines are. The routers can be programmed to assign weights to each transmission line proportional to the length of the line or each network node. The path length is then the sum of the weights of the nodes, lines or lines plus nodes along the possible transmission path. Bandwidth. Bandwidth is used to describe the available transmission rate (bps) of a given section the possible transmission path. An open 64 kbps line would not generally be chosen as the pathway for data transmission if an open 10 Mbps Ethernet link is also open, assuming everything else is equal. However, sometimes the higher bandwidth path is very busy and the time required for transmission on a busy, high bandwidth line is actually longer than on a path with a lower bandwidth. Load. This data packet transmission per unit time or the percent of CPU utilization of a router on a given path is referred to as the load on this path. Reliability. The reliability of a data transmission path can be quantitatively described as the bit error rate and results in the assignment of numeric reliability metrics for the possible data transmission pathways. Delay. The delay in data transmission along a certain path is due to a combination of the metrics that have already been discussed, including geometric length of the transmission lines, bandwidth, and data traffic congestion. Because of the hybrid nature of the communications delay metric, it is commonly used in routing algorithms.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
2.0 Effect of Gangsterism Gangsterisms is a social phenomenon that occurs widely among the youth in our country. With the rapid rise of this problem, gangsterisms have much negative impact on individuals, families, and communities. 2.1 Individual In term of individual, student who involves themselves with gangsterism will face bad consequences in their life including having a dark future. Thus, their future might be threatened due to the result of their behavior. Most probably they will be detained because somehow they able to create chaotic scene in their surroundings. This will also affect their life as they unable to perform their study in higher level and they might spend their teenage years in juvenile school orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦She would remind him of the effects his lifestyle is having on her and his younger brothers, though he ignored her. Once, however, there was a retaliation attack on his family home after he fought with another gangster. The rival gang threatened his mother with death and trashed his family s home. This incident was SB s first experience of the dangerous consequences that being a gangster could have for one s family. As a gangster, his mother s voice stayed in his head, admonishing him about his lifestyle. My mother s voice, yes ... Her voice was the only voice that even now helps. She was always there, even when I went to jail. She would always talk, even scold, and say I am not putting you out because you are a gangster, it is because I do not agree with what you do.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Daniels, Doria and Adams, Quinton. July 1, 2010: 45-60) By the conduct of themselves, their families gangster actors also get impact. The community will lose faith in the family, but the family s honor is scratched with teen action like menconteng arang ke muka . This may affect the future of other siblings and even worse if the affected family members who are emotionally and unable to handle the pressure from society. This problem will persist in the long term to be restored. Sub-economic areas, where gangsterism is the most prevalent and problematic, are good training grounds for would-be gangsters. In most instances, both parents are either unemployed or both are working, leavingShow MoreRelatedArticle 4: Gangsterism among Teenagers in Malaysia Theme The theme discussed in this article500 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesArticle 4: Gangsterism among Teenagers in Malaysia Theme The theme discussed in this article is gangterism among teenagers. Regarding to the title of the article, crime and violence is threatening the well-being of the young people in Malaysia. The gangsterism behavior such as theft, vandalism, burglary, rape and even murder are reported on school grounds. The article also showed that the reasons why teenagers joining gangsterism. Issue discussed The article Ã¢â¬Å"Gangsterism among TeenagersRead MoreCensorship of Howard HawksÃ¢â¬â¢ Film, Scarface Essay2339 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesshocked the nation was gangster films that considered gangsterism and/or violence, because not only were these films exciting and action-packed, but the turmoil or gangsterism was a contemporary issue of that era. Gangster films in the 1930s served the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s fascination/ engagement with such social issues of violence and gangsterism (107-108). Film producers began making movies that corresponded with society events considering gangsterism, violence and/or corruption. Films that displayed suchRead MoreÃ¢â¬ËProhibitionÃ¢â¬â¢s successes outweighed its failures in the years 1920Ã¢â¬â33.Ã¢â¬â¢ How far do you agree with this view?1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesconsumption. Such communities got used to a life with less alcohol, and even after Prohibition ended in 1933, consumption rates remained low, and only 50% of the original bars re -opened. Whilst other areas in the US did not see the same sought of effect, alcohol consumption rates did still decrease and there were less cases of alcohol abuse around the country with the average American making the shift from hard liquor to Beer and wine. These changes coincided, with significant drops in figures forRead MoreThe Violence Of South African Schools Perpetrated On Teachers By Learners Essay1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand the situation return to normal, which means sometimes to be violent to learners can solve problems. Poverty is one of socio-economic issue which leads to violence. Learners who are suffering of poverty might steal from teachers which I call gangsterism violence. Poverty can lead to crime. At primary school a friend of mine stole bread rolls and coca cola from my class teacher and he ran and registered to another school. He did that because of poverty at home. If the school is not fenced, no tightRead MorePublic Order Crimes630 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbeliefs. They tend to be rule creators by crusading for the passage of rules, laws, and policies against behaviors they find abhorrent or as rule enforcers by administering and implementing them. Although these are different and distinct roles, the effect of moral entrepreneurship, according to Howard Becker who coined the term, is the formation of a new class of outsiders whose behavior now violates these newly minted regulations and therefore is subject to the degrading label of Ã¢â¬Å"deviant.Ã¢â¬ 2.Read MoreMr M S Ndlovu1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesappendicitis. Then the father calls Robs coach: Mr. Granger, but he doesnt know of anything: Robs school doesnt go in for boxing. Mr Willison learns that Rob has lied to him. Themes: *Father-son relationships *Identity development *Parenting *The effect of low self-esteem *Masculinity and societyÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations of men The main theme, as the title indicates, is masculinity. The story shows the length to which people can be driven to live up to what they think the standard of being a man shouldRead MoreThe Consequences of Prohibition Essay580 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageslimit was illegal. This was Prohibition. This Eighteenth Amendment was meant to have reduced the consumption level, consequently to have reduced death rates, poverty and principally crime, in the USA. Yet this had quite the opposite effect. The .Act led to even more damage, death and destruction. Many would believe Prohibition was the source of explosive growth of organized crime, as a result the amount of alcohol consumption dramatically increased. The Federal ProhibitionRead MoreCrime in our society836 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesapproach resulting in punishment to deter offenders from committing crime again. Prevention, often seen as the soft approach, saves the government vast amounts of money. It also lessens the impact of crime on victims, as well as the destructive effects of imprisonment, particularly on young offenders and those who have committed petty crimes. Crime prevention improves the quality of life in communities, which in the long term helps create a safer environment. What should happen in order to achieveRead More`` The Epic Of America `` By James Truslow Adams1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDreamÃ¢â¬ . Throughout many years, it took many generations of newcomers to become more respected and earn the equality, and the right to live Prohibition and Great Depression 1920s 15th January 1920. The following day, Prohibition would go into the effect throughout the United States. The manufacture, transport and sale of alcohol made illegal across USA through the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution . Even though the Prohibition gained supporters in America, and many believed, that alcohol wasRead MoreCaning: Education and Students1432 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessolve with indiscipline problems? This is because caning could give more negative effect than the positive effect. What is the negative effect will occurs if caning is being used in schools continuously. The negative effect of caning on students are studentÃ¢â¬â¢s mentally effects,studentÃ¢â¬â¢s physically effect and increase more discipline problems. Firstly, the negative effect of caning on students is studentÃ¢â¬â¢s mentally effect. Student who are be cane will be a traumatic person. For example, they will be afraid
Friday, December 27, 2019
His violence and cruelty seemed too demonic for many readers... Does the modern reader share this view of Heathcliff? Author of Wuthering Heights, Emily BrontÃ «, was born in Thornton, Yorkshire on 30 July 1818. She was born the fifth of six children and died at the age of thirty from consumption. The BrontÃ « children had a love for creating stories and small books, but it was sisters Charlotte, Emily and Anne who embarked on writing their own novels. They published their work under the names of Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell, not willing to declare themselves as female authors because of the sheer intensity of passion contained in their novels, which would not have been considered at all feminine at the time. It was beyond theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Mr Earnshaw brings Heathcliff to the Heights when he is still but a boy of about fourteen. Mr Earnshaw finds him starving and homeless in streets of Liverpool, takes pity and returns home with the boy. Cathy immediately shows affection to the stranger but Hindley draws away from him, and instead tortures and scorns him. When BrontÃ « composed her book, the English economy was severely depressed and the conditions of the factory workers in industrial areas like Liverpool were appalling. Many of the more affluent members of society showed sympathy to these workers, just as Mr Earnshaw may have shown sympathy towards poor Heathcliff. The reader, modern or Victorian, can also therefore immediately sympathise with Heathcliff as a weak, powerless child; defenceless to Hindleys brutality towards him and when Mr Earnshaws health fails him Hindley spitefully degrades Heathcliff, banishing him to the stables, away from the house. However Cathy and Heathcliff still grow closer. They are both wild and free-spirited, born to run out on the moors together. They both promised to grow up as rude savages... One of their chief amusements was to run away to the moors in the morning and remain there all day. They become inseparable. One day Nelly and Cathy are talking together and Cathy tells Nelly that Edgar has asked her to marry him. Even though Cathy knows she doesnt love Edgar for he is but only forShow MoreRelated The Power of Love in Wuthering Heights Essay1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWuthering Heights is a novel which deviates from the standard of Victorian literature. The novels of the Victorian Era were often works of social criticism. They generally had a moral purpose and promoted ideals of love and brotherhood. Wuthering Heights is more of a Victorian Gothic novel; it contains passion, violence, and supernatural elements (Mitchell 119). The world of Wuthering Heights seems to be a world without morals. In Wuthering Heights, BrontÃ « does not idealize love; she presents itRead MoreEssay on Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte884 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In the book Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte, Heathcliff has taken it upon himself to seek revenge against anyone who mistreated him. While doing so, his cruel acts lead to the demise of the first generations of Earnshaws, the family who adopts him. Although his animosity is aimed to one it becomes out of control, it spreads to everyone like a disease of cruelty and heartbreak. Unfortunately a bitter childhood and betrayal of the heart turns a kind soul into an evil sour man searching for vengeanceRead MoreLove, Revenge, and Passion1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEmily Bronte will forever be known for the infamous romance of Heathcliff and Catherine in Wuthering Heights. Not many couples can boast such a tumultuous and violent relationship, or of such passion and devotion. Catherine and Heathcliff share a bond that reaches deeper than a physical attraction. From their childhood until their deaths, their lives revolve around the other. Their preoccupation with each other does not represe nt the loving nature of most relationships; in fact, it often exhibitsRead MoreEssay on Imagery of nature in Wuthering Heights1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNature Wuthering Heights is immensely filled with nature imagery. Mathison believes that Wuthering Heights is a Ã¢â¬Å"wild novelÃ¢â¬ because of its illustration of the wild nature (18). From the moors to the barren landscape, Bronte brings together these images to depict a dreary and desolate setting. Bronte also uses the elements of nature to convey characteristics of characters. Bronte uses the imagery of nature to reflect the personalities of the characters in Wuthering Heights. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢WutheringÃ¢â¬â¢ is aRead MoreHow does Emily Bronte use Gothic elements to enhance the novel Ã¢â¬ËWuthering HeightsÃ¢â¬â¢? Discuss how Daphne Du MaurierÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËJamaica InnÃ¢â¬â¢ illuminates this.2086 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesEmily Bronte use Gothic elements to enhance the novel Ã¢â¬ËWuthering HeightsÃ¢â¬â¢? Discuss how Daphne Du MaurierÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËJamaica InnÃ¢â¬â¢ illuminates this. In the Victorian era we saw the revival of gothic literature; it fictionalised contemporary fears such as ethical degeneration, unmediated spiritual beliefs against a stern religious faith and also questioned the social structure of the time. Although written almost 100 years apart both Wuthering Heights and Jamaica Inn share many themes and components. BothRead MoreWuthering heights analysis1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Terror made me cruelÃ¢â¬ (30). In Emily BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s novel of Gothic fiction, Wuthering Heights, Bronte presents an almost convoluted idea of a supernatural role which would begin to play a significant part in aiding readers to unravel and appreciate the delicate plot of her story. Beginning in chapter three with the dreams explained by Mr. Lockwood, and dispersing amongst the remainder of the book through to the the end, the concepts of ghosts and the supernatural provide us with pivotal information thatRead MoreEmily Bronte s Wuthering Heights1144 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTitle: Wuthering Heights Author: Emily Bronte Main Characters (Protagonist/Antagonist), Title, Traits: Heathcliff: Antagonist, morose, cruel, vengeful, sullen, brought in by Mr. Earnshaw. Treated badly by Hindley, CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s brother. He falls in love with Catherine and loves her after her death. Catherine nee Earnshaw Linton: protagonist of the story. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s childish, immature, spiteful, ignorant and arrogant. Beautiful, free spirited, mischievous. In love with Heathcliff and she dies halfwayRead More Emily Brontes Wuthering Heights1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Emily Brontes Wuthering Heights Emily Jane Bronte, the author of Wuthering heights, was born on July 30, 1818. She was the fifth of six children of Patrick and Maria Bronte and the family moved to their house in Haworth(where Emily would remain for most of her life), with her family having a great influence on her life and work. During her life she encountered a great deal of death, firstly when her mother died of stomach cancer in September of 1821, leaving EmilysRead More`` Wuthering Heights `` By Emily Bronte1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesViolence Rooted in Passion and Savagery In the early 18th century, gothic novels made their debut in a time when conservatism, empiricism, and realism dominated the modern western world. During this time, Emily BrontÃ « challenged the morality of European customs in her revolutionary novel, Wuthering Heights. The novel questioned the way readers thought about civilization, and defied popular cultural ideals during the rise of Romanticism: How does nature differ from culture? And in what ways doesRead MoreThe Romantic elements in Wuthering Heights by Emily Bront2556 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesRomanticism, the literary movement traditionally dated 1798 to 1832 in England, affected all the arts through the nineteenth century. Wuthering Heights is frequently regarded as a model of romantic fiction. What is more, it is said to construct a biography of BrontÃ'âs life, personality, and beliefs. In the novel, she presents a world in which people marry early and die young, just like they really did in her times. Both patterns, earl y marriage and early death, are considered to be Romantic, as most
Thursday, December 19, 2019
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes created a state of nature that gave society two distinct representations of how mankind would act and behave when there was no government or authoritative power over them. Hobbs Leviathan illustrates mankind at its worst. He introduces a society that is overpowered by menÃ¢â¬â¢s desire for power and their instinct to use violence as a solution to any problem. Hobbes negative view of human nature showed a society living in constant fear and being in a Ã¢â¬Å"constant state of warÃ¢â¬ . LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise of Government shows a society that is blessed with perfect freedom. He uses God and quotes from scripture as his justification for why men use reason to live peacefully. Locke and Hobbes differences in human nature, placeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Both Locke and Hobbes emphasized on reason, Hobbes focused on how men could use reason to escape the state of nature and achieve peace. The basis of the laws of nature, Hobbes used to show how men could escape the brutality of the state of war was self-preservation. The laws of nature end goal were every man being able to seek peace and know the distinction between justice and injustice. Hobbes solution to men coming out of a state of war and into a well-functioned society was based on his social contract theory. The theory proposed an agreement to surrender your rights and freedom to a higher authority. This would allow all the power to be invested with a sovereign authority who would provide security and protection to the people. Hobbes believed that by ensuring a monarchy to govern society, it will allow humanity to be able to live in peace. The sovereign authority will take over the natural rights of men, that is to survive and find peace. The monarchy will essentially oversee the actions and power of their people and will able to keep the social contract intact by enforcing punishment. Men would be able to live peacefully without the fear of being killed for greed, pride, and desires because the monarchy would hold absolute control of their actions and would prevent men to transition to a state of war.Show MoreRelatedDifferences Between the Arguements of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Leviathan and Second Treatise of Government1322 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesarguments of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Leviathan and Second Treatise of Government, they seem to agree on many things. Both philosophers believe that human reasoning is based on appetites and aversions, that humans have a fundamental right to self-preservation, and, above all, that a strong central government is the way to remedy the problems with the state of nature. However, after looking closely, many important differences become apparent. All differences between the arguments of Hobbes and LockeRead MoreJohn Locke And Thomas Hobbes1287 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesknow how to balance and consider the nature of humankind and their rights. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were both political philosophers who developed theories about how the government should work. They set up their theories around The Natural Law and the Social Contract Theory. Although John Locke and Thomas Hobbes had a sim ilar goal, their beliefs and opinions were definitely not the same. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes both believed in the Natural Law and the Social Contract Theory. They both developedRead MoreThomas Hobbes And The Enlightenment878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFirst, are people naturally good or evil? Second, what type of government is best? Thomas Hobbes, an Englishman born in 1588, is one of the Enlightenment thinkers. Hobbes wrote The Leviathan, published in 1651, observing the violence and behavior of people near the end of the English Civil War. He believed that monarchy is the best government. John Locke, another Enlightenment thinker, is an Englishman born in 1632. Locke wrote Two Treatises of Government, published in 11689,expressing his opinions onRead MoreJohn Locke And John Stuart Mill s On Liberty Essay1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstate. Whereas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and John Stuart Mill have developed a more modernized conception of liberty and the role of the individual to the state and society. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s work the Republic, and Aristotle Ã¢â¬â¢s works of literature Nicomachean Ethics, and Politics will be contrasted against Thomas HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ Leviathan, John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise, and John Stuart MillÃ¢â¬â¢s On Liberty. The literature works of the political philosophers mentioned previously will help convey the differences and similaritiesRead MoreViews of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau815 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesArden Bentley AP Euro 3/9/13 Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Racques Rosseau were philosophers who stated their belief of human nature and how we should govern mankind. Although Rousseau was born a different time than Hobbes and Locke, they all had a very strong influence on the way governments should function. They created a revolutionary idea of the state of nature, the way men were before a government came into play. Each philosopher developed guidelines and responsibilities that the governmentRead MoreCompare and Contrast the Philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx843 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhilosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx In the idea of human nature; origin of state, the nature of government, the rights of regulation can be drawn as the reflection of insightful philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx. By understanding this within the context of human nature, we can see their ideas play to how they perceive a modern philosophy. Karl Marxs Communist Manifesto illustrates the desire to build a society without economic classes. John Lockes PoliticalRead MoreJohn Locke And Thomas Hobbes Compare And Contrast862 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Locke vs. Hobbes Compare and Contrast Essay During and after the English Revolution (1642-1688), different philosophers acted differently towards the revolution , based on their ideas and personal experiences. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes stood out to be the most intelligent thinkers who argued in opposite ways. On the contrary they were similar in their approach for the use of reason. They both represented a trend in the 17th and 18th centuries to use reason as a final judgement. By analyzingRead MoreJohn Locke And John Stuart Mill s On Liberty Essay1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstate. Whereas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and John Stuart Mill have developed a more modernized conception of liberty and the role of the individual to the state and society. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s work the Republic, and AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s works of literature Nicomachean Ethics, and Politics will be contrasted against Thomas HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ Leviathan, John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise, and John Stuart MillÃ¢â¬â¢s On Liberty. The literature works of the Political Philosophers mentioned previously will help convey the differences and similaritiesRe ad MoreEssay On John Locke And Thomas Hobbes1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages John Locke and Thomas Hobbes John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, two English Enlightenment philosophers, were both very influential politically and philosophically despite having almost opposite beliefs. While each individually influenced later documents and events such as the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution, they had an equally big impact in history. Today, everyone recognizes natural rights and the modern system of government uses social contracts every day. Thomas HobbesRead MoreThomas Hobbes And John Locke911 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessocial contract theory, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke established many of the founding ideals that contemporary Liberalism is based on. While the shared many similar positions, there are some key distinctions to be made between the arguments Hobbes and Locke make in Leviathan and Second Treatise of Civil Government, respectively. In this paper I will argue the differences between how each of them viewed the right of the subjects to revolt from the sovereign. Thomas Hobbes published his most famous
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Taylor Swift opened her 2011 Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢Speak NowÃ¢â¬â¢ world tourÃ¢â¬ in Omaha at the Century Link on June 17th and 18th. She played a total of seventeen songs that mainly came from her album Ã¢â¬Å"Speak Now.Ã¢â¬ Along with those songs were a few of her number one hits. I went to the 2nd showing of this concert on the June 18th and it was incredible. Thinking about this concert makes me want to go back to it. I have no regrets in buying the tickets and I would go multiple times if I have the chance. Taylor started off the concert telling the crowd why she chose Omaha to start the tour and how she loved the atmosphere Omaha gave her last time she performed. She had her lucky number thirteen written on her hand and Ã¢â¬Å"you gotta keep your head up oh, but you can let your hair down heyÃ¢â¬ (lyrics from Andy GrammerÃ¢â¬â¢s song Ã¢â¬Å"Keep Your Head UpÃ¢â¬ ) down her arm. We will write a custom essay sample on Speak Now Concert Tour or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The crowd was filled with mainly teenage girls singing along to every song. At the end of each song Taylor would stand on stage in disbelief to take it all in. The stage was full of different sceneries and Taylor had many different costumes. She was at all ends of the arena; during her song Ã¢â¬Å"Love Story,Ã¢â¬ which is about Romeo and Juliet, Taylor went up into a balcony that flew over the crowd. Taylor Swift is a very energetic girl. The concert was very lively and exciting. She kept the crowd in amazement whenever the set would change or when she would come out in elaborate costumes. She had everyone singing along and dancing. Taylor ended the concert with, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think youÃ¢â¬â¢ve ever looked more beautiful than you have tonight Omaha thanks for hanging out with me.Ã¢â¬ Being at that concert was an experience I would love to have again.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Maya Angelou's Phenominal Woman I have read Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou. I enjoyed this poem. I think that it has a positive message, and people can relate to it. This poem is really pretty. The rhythm flows beautifully throughout the entire piece. I think this is a good poem for people who are not very familiar with poetry. The beat is easy to find, but it isn't too simple. Many times, I have read poems in which I have difficulty finding the rhythm, or the rhythm isn't consistent through the whole poem. I also like the way that the words sound like they belong there. The words rhyme, but they don't feel like they are in the poem for that purpose only. I think that people sometimes put words into poems that don't really fit that well. The words may finish the sentence properly, but they are not words that you would use every day. I think this takes away from a poem because it kind of makes you pause in the middle of the flow. I feel that this poem appeals very much to people who are not what our society calls beautiful. There are many wonderful people who don't quite fit the standard of this MTV culture that we live in. People are so quick to judge others on their outward appearance that they don't take the time to get to know the person inside. This poem sends the message that you can be confident in your self even if you are not a super model. I can personally relate to this poem in several ways. As you have probably noticed, I am not the best looking guy in the world. I do however have some very fine qualities, but I forget them when I don't feel very good about myself. This in turn makes me shy and I don't even let people get to know me because I become reclusive. It is a lot easier to stay hidden in the background than to get in the middle of everyone and be ridiculed. Another way that I can relate to this poem is the message that you don't have to be the star to be heard. I play the bass guitar. I have friends that ask me "Why don't you play lead guitar?". They say this as if playing the background music isn't good enough. Well I do know one thing; the song isn't the same without the bass. Doing my part of more than enough satisfaction for me. I think this is a great poem. It is simple yet moving. Much like the author's description of herself. I would like to close with a quote from Al Franken's popular Saturday Night Live character, Stuart Smalley. "I'm good enough, I'm smart enough, and dog-gone it, people like me."
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Community Corrections and Women How community corrections deal with female offenders Abstract Over time female offenders have been dealt with in models that do not conform to the ethics and morals of the society. Basically, most correction centers have initiated plans that do not augur well with the demands of most female offenders. These barbaric methods of handling female offenders have prompted many female rights groups to initiate plans to sanitize the correction system to conform to the special female interests of female offenders. It is through these grievances that the correction department finally bowed to the demands and introduced community correction plans. These plans are aimed at ensuring that female offenders are integrated in community plans. This paper, therefore, seeks to examine and analyze the ways in which community members in Canada deal with female offenders. The paper seeks to use various correctional programs by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) to bring out the aspect of female corrections in relation to the community. Keywords: female offenders, community corrections, the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) Introduction In the interest of safety of the public, the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) moves towards the successful use community rehabilitation of female offenders under its prerogative and is guided by legislation, by CSCs plans, and its national policy structure. Essential principles expressed in the current policy, the CSC Review Panel (2007) and CSCs primaries mention fundamental justice and fairness, enhancing offender accountability, shared responsibility, respect for any individuals dignity and worth, privacy and diversity, as well as other key concepts needed in consolidating community corrections, which mainly apply to the community rehabilitation of all offenders, especially females. Women offenders often have unique and special needs that have to be considered in formulating the most efficient response to their rehabilitation requirements. The need for a gender-informed methodology is written down in both legislation and CSCs Mission, and has been often reinforced in various correctional analyses and reports. Notably, the following three factors need to be looked into in coming up with the best measures to promote a woman offender's efficacious transition through the community: the diverse profile of female offenders; their relatively little numbers; and their environmental dispersion upon being released. A national strategic method to the rehabilitation of female offenders is essential in ensuring that this relatively trivial but increasing population, spread across several communities, is not sidelined and that their special risks and needs are effectively and consistently addressed. This approach will call for contributions at entire levels, will be inter-jurisdictional in structure and will include governmental, external stakeholders and other non-governmental organizations. The National Community Strategy for Women Offenders (2002) created a framework for the methodologies that need to be taken in relation to female offenders upon being released into the community. Basically, following an exclusive consultation process, it has been updated and reviewed so as to reflect various recent developments, planned legislative amendments and changes in Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA) as well as improvements in the reintegration of female offenders. The altered strategy persists in providing a guideline for several community staff to aid them in addressing the special challenges that are posed by women offenders as they support the continuum of care model, which consists of the incorporation between institutional and community situation management. The current planned and proposed legislative amendments, especially with respect to improving offender responsibility engagement, accountability, motivation and establishing the control of offenders and their rehabilitation, if endorsed, will have an effect both institutionally in the corrections department and in the community. Recent research (Gobeil, 2008) shows that a great proportion of female offenders who successfully worked in their transition to the community realized a positive connection with their Parole Officer as a major factor in securing their release. Since there can be a complication of issues with female offenders, the merit of building strong relationships and initiating an awareness of procedures with relevant community agencies need to be considered. One of the factors that were researched to be used in dealing with women offenders is empowerment. The research analyzed how Women acquire insight into their problems, understand their strengths, and are given support and challenged to take the best action to acquire control of their lives. This procedure acknowledges and makes women offenders